HowTo – Dry Flounder/Patiki Maroke
Matauranga Kura Taiao Project

Patiki (flounders) are a popular food source since they are easily caught by spearing. In the past they have been plentiful but there has been a noted decrease and this concern has been repeatedly expressed by our kaumatua(elders). We traditionally caught them by tramping them with our feet in the streams at low tide when we knew they were there in abundance. This was done only once a year for the poukai and coronation (we never overfished them as we knew this would deplete the number of patiki and we depended on them for an ongoing food source). They would be dried and some sent to Ngaruawahia for the coronation.
We traditionally used a fine netting to catch kiore (rats) and prevent them from getting to the patiki.
The following video is an excerpt from the New Zealand produced programme Tangaroa, where Davis Apiti shows television personality, Pio Terei how to spear for flounder in Aotea Harbour.


Acknowlegement to AKA Productions

The following pictures and instructions show kaumatua, John Mahara, preparing patiki for drying:
John Mahara cutting head off flounder. This picture is still loading....
John Mahara cutting head off flounder. This picture is still loading....


-1-
Remove the head off the flounder.
Split tail. This picture is still loading...
Split tail. This picture is still loading...


-2-
Make an inch cut in the tail end.


John Mahara stripping flax. This picture is still loading...
John Mahara stripping flax. This picture is still loading...
Tie the flax through the flounder. This picture is still loading...
Tie the flax through the flounder. This picture is still loading...


-3-
Strip a piece of flax and thread the flax through the split in the tail.
Tie two flounders on one flax. This picture is still loading...
Tie two flounders on one flax. This picture is still loading...


-4-
Tie the end and use the other end of the flax to join to another flounder so you have two flounders on one flax.
Salt the flounder. This picture is still loading...
Salt the flounder. This picture is still loading...


-5-
Put salt on the bottom of a dish and put the flounder black side down first. Rub salt all over the flounder. This helps with the preserving process and to repel flies. Leave overnight/24 hours for the salt to work into the flesh.
Flounder drying. This picture is still loading...
Flounder drying. This picture is still loading...
Hang flounder to dry. This picture is still loading...
Hang flounder to dry. This picture is still loading...


-6-
Hang outside for 1-2 weeks depending on the intensity of the sun before the flounder is dry enough to bring indoors to store. Keep in a safe, dry place where nothing can get to it until ready to use.


We would like to acknowledge and thank John Mahara for sharing his knowledge for this project..